Avocados, dubbed superfood by nutritional experts, are one of the healthiest fruits there are. They are delicious, have various uses in the kitchen and are extremely nutritious. Unfortunately, thanks to their valuable properties they are also expensive, especially in countries where they don’t naturally grow. However, that doesn’t mean that you can’t grow your own avocado tree, and here is how:
Step 1: Remove the seed
Cut the avocado in half from top to bottom and remove the seed. If the avocado is ripe it can be a little messy, but you’ll get around to it. After you have removed the seed it is important that you wash it thoroughly because if you try to grow the roots with all that avocado meat left on it, it will start to rot away.
Step 2: Growing the roots
Now you need to determine which side of the seed is top and which is bottom. The somewhat pointy side is the top side and this is where the stem will begin to sprout. The roots will start to grow from the bottom side and this side will be sub-merged in water.
Take three toothpicks and “stab” the seed with them at equal lengths longitudinally and place the seed on top of a glass filled with water. Only the bottom half of the seed needs to be under water and the toothpicks will keep it from going under water completely. In about 2 to 6 weeks a root will begin to grow from the sub-merged half. Make sure to keep the seed in a place with plenty of light.
Alternatively you can wrap the seed in a damp towel and keep it like that until a root begins to emerge. When that happens, you need to plant it in soil.
Some people have even reported that the fastest way for root germination is to plant the seed in a fertile soil from the very start in a way that only the bottom half is kept under the soil. Make sure to have a soil rich with coco peat and perlite, or you can just use organic soil.
Step 3: Watering
Don’t let the soil get muddy but make sure it has plenty of water. Make sure to keep the stem away from direct sunlight while it is young. Also, if the leaves start to become yellow, it means you are pouring too much water.
Step 4: Pruning
Pinch away the top leaves so that the three can become stronger with more foliage. Do this when the tree becomes one foot tall and repeat it with every 6 to 12 inches of growth.
Step 5: Pests
If you see spider mites, just release a ladybug onto your tree and it will take care of them. You can also wash the tree with water mildly mixed with soap. You can even remove the mites using a duct tape by lightly patting the tree with the sticky side.
Step 6: Outdoors
If you live in a place with cold winters where the temperature drops below 45 degrees, then don’t leave your tree outdoors during winters. Take it inside to keep it warm and make sure it gets as much sunlight as it can.