Do not easily confuse the terms `heart attack`, `cardiac arrest` and `stroke` because even though they all refer to the same organ- the heart, they all have different causers and produce different symptoms by which they affect the body.
Making a clear difference between these three conditions can help in assigning the appropriate treatment as well as providing an adequate aid for someone affected by them.
In the following text, you can find out more about the meaning of each these terms, their symptoms and how you can suitably react upon facing one of them.
1. Heart Attack
It`s a circulation disorder.
It is preceded by blockage of the blood flow rich in oxygen and the oxygen cannot reach a certain part of the heart muscle. That can lead to dying of the muscle if the blood flow is not restored that subsequently leads to a heart attack. During a heart attack, the heart does not stop beating.
The following symptoms can appear days before the heart attack:
• chest pain (angina)- it occurs in the middle of the chest and it`s characterized as heaviness in intervals of couple of minutes. It is often confused with indigestion.
• body aches- usually a pain in the neck, the abdomen, the back, the jaw or the arms (especially the left one)
• shortness of breath
• cold sweat
• dizziness or faintness
The above symptoms cannot be treated with medications or home remedies because they are linked only to the heart.
2. Cardiac arrest
It`s an `electrical disorder`.
If the electrical activity in an individual`s heart is disturbed, it causes irregular heart beating and instant interruption of blood pumping throughout the body. During the cardiac arrest, the heart stops beating.
In some cases, an individual can feel symptoms similar to those seen in a heart attack minutes before the cardiac arrest, such as the following:
• shortness of breath
• chest pain
• extreme palpitation
Nevertheless, the most common symptoms in individuals include:
• sudden collapse
• loss of breath
• loss of pulse
• no responsiveness
The symptoms of cardiac arrest occur immediately and they frequently result in instant death. Especially the people who have once suffered a heart attack are more likely to experience a cardiac arrest.
It`s a brain disorder.
There are three types of stroke:
• Ischemic stroke- a result of a blockage in the artery that carries blood with oxygen to the brain
• Transient ischemic stroke (TIA)- also known as a mini-stroke that comes as a result of a temporary stopping of an artery that carries blood to the brain for transport
• Hemorrhagic stroke- a result of a rupture in an brain artery
• Nausea and vomiting
• disrupted speech
• numbness or paralysis of the face, arm or leg, especially in a form of a lateral paralysis
• mental confusion (forgetting names, difficulties in a conversation)
• blurred vision, double seeing
• excessive sweating
• dizziness and inability to walk
• transient ischemic attack