Health

Common causes of Leg Swelling

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sting of an insect. swollen leg.

Leg swelling could be the first sign of a serious problem. Sometimes, it shows that there is a problem with your heart, kidney, or the entire circulation system. The doctor will complete tests to determine the cause and begin treatment. Book an appointment with Premier Vein Clinic for personalized care. Doctors prescribe tramadol to manage moderate to moderately severe pain.

 

Below are the causes that could make one or both of your leg to begin swelling:

Infection

When your lower legs, especially the ankles and feet are infected, they could start swelling. Therefore, people with specific conditions such as diabetes should strive to check their feet for bruises and cuts to prevent infections. Otherwise, such conditions could result in a serious condition that makes body tissues start dying called gangrene.

When the doctor determines the cause of your leg swells to be an infection, they might administer antibiotics to help fight the bacteria. In severe conditions, surgery is a must to remove the dead tissue.

Venous insufficiency

The veins are adapted in a special way to help prevent the backflow of blood.  Each one has valves due to the low blood pressure of blood in the veins. When one has venous insufficiency, the valves do not work as they should. As a result, all the blood does not travel back to the heart and begins to accumulate. Blood travels back to the soft tissues, and the swelling begins. Other symptoms of venous insufficiency include a change of color in the leg skin and skin wounds. Doctors recommend that people with this condition perform regular exercises and elevate the legs, especially when sleeping. Some medications can be prescribed to relieve the symptoms.

Foot injuries

This is possibly the most common cause of leg swells known to most people. When a person sprains the ankle or suffers an injury to the leg, they feel a lot of pain, and after some time, swelling follows. This is common for people in the sports profession, although it could happen to anyone. Mostly, it should not raise an alarm. Enough rest and ice in the injured area will relieve the swelling. However, if it continues, it is advised you see a doctor to check for a broken bone. 

Blood clots

Commonly, blood clots affect one of the limbs. The victim experiences symptoms such as a change of color, ache in the affected leg and increased warmth just below the knee. The clot could either affect veins near the surface or the ones deep in the tissues. Any one of these could travel back to the brain or heart to cause complications. Therefore, you should seek medical help after the first sign of a blood clot.

Leg swelling could be the first sign of a serious problem. Sometimes, it shows that there is a problem with your heart, kidney, or the entire circulation system. The doctor will complete tests to determine the cause and begin treatment. Book an appointment with Premier Vein Clinic for personalized care.

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