What Are The Causes Of Male Infertility?


Fertilization of a woman’s egg, and therefore pregnancy, depends on both the male and female to occur successfully. If the male partner is not producing healthy sperm or there is a problem with the tubes that carry semen, fertilization will not occur. Additionally, there has to be enough sperm inside the man’s semen to make a woman pregnant. Broward Specialty Group deals with men’s health in Coconut Creek to help treat infertility and other related conditions. Book an appointment online today for personalized and effective treatment.

Below are the main causes of infertility in men:


Overweight people with a BMI exceeding 30 will have issues with the quality of their sperm. This is because the accumulation of fats can impact the metabolism of androgens, including testosterone. In turn, overweight people will experience alterations in the development of their sperm and lose the ability to make a woman pregnant.


People who continually use addictive substances such as nicotine are most likely to lose their fertility. Nicotine causes oxidative stress, which in turn affects the quality of sperm. Other substances, such as cocaine, also affect the development of sperms. Such people are advised to quit if they want to reverse these damages.


Inflammations and sexually transmitted infections cause scarring inside the fertility pipes, blocking the passage of sperms. Some infections cause permanent damage, but the condition is still reversible.

Hormonal imbalances: The hormonal systems also influence infertility in the body. They include the adrenal gland, thyroid, pituitary, and hypothalamus. Certain factors could lower the amount of testosterone produced in the body, which also affects fertility.

High Testicular Temperatures

The male testicles hang outside the body as a way to keep temperatures within the healthy range. Temperatures beyond a certain point affect the functionality and quality of sperm, rendering them infertile. Risk factors that increase testicular temperatures include wearing tight clothing, certain professions, and using laptops for a relatively long period.


Although men are believed to have the ability to reproduce even in older ages, the potential decreases significantly after the age of 35. Men beyond 40 years have a lower likelihood to reproduce because the DNA inside the nucleus fragments each year.

Diet Deficiency

Men are required to include specific types of foods in their diet to increase fertility. These include foods rich in vitamin A, vitamin C, folic acid, and vitamin E. Failure to include antioxidants in the diet could impact fertility.

Environmental Factors

Exposure to certain radiation, heavy metals, and industrial chemicals could affect a man’s fertility. Such chemicals and metals include herbicides, organic solvents, and lead. Very high levels of radiation could permanently reduce the production of sperm. Production will  usually resume after mild exposure.

Past Surgeries

Patients who have undergone surgeries relating to testicles and prostate could have trouble making a woman pregnant. This is because vasectomy and extensive abdominal surgeries could harm the reproductive system.

The team at Broward Specialty Group performs a full exam to determine the cause of infertility before deciding on the right treatment option. You should seek help from a qualified physician if you still have trouble conceiving a child after months of unprotected sex. Most of these conditions are treatable. You can call the office or book an appointment online.

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