Plantar fasciitis is one of the most painful foot problems people can face daily. It is the swelling of the plantar fascia, causing discomfort to the affected foot. The tissue that connects the heel (the calcaneus bone) with the area under the toes (metatarsal bones) is known as the plantar fasciitis, and it is a band of elastic tissue. In this article, we shall discuss the Plantar Fasciitis and also consider basic things a podiatrist can do to remedy a case of plantar fasciitis.
How Does Plantar Fasciitis Occur?
Inflammation of the plantar fascia, usually in its closest part to the heel, causes plantar fasciitis. It is a degenerative process and is one of the most common foot pathologies.
The plantar fascia plays an essential role in biomechanics when walking. Among others, it fulfills the functions of:
- Protection of the metatarsal bones (avoiding flexion of the fingers)
- Maintain the plantar arch
- Absorb and return the impact generated when the foot hits the ground.
Plantar fasciitis is one of the most common injuries among athletes, especially those who practice impact sports for the foot (running, soccer, jumping.). As a general rule, it can affect young and training athletes alike, and in the case of non-athletes, the pathology usually does not appear before 45 years of age. Close to 10% of the population has suffered or will suffer from this condition according to studies.
What Are the Symptoms of Plantar Fasciitis?
The main symptom that causes plantar fasciitis is plantar fascia pain. This translates into pain that begins under the heel in its internal area (an area where the fascia is inserted), and that can spread forward following the path of the plantar fascia. A slight inflammation may accompany the pain in the area closest to the heel.
The pain usually manifests itself more pronounced after a period of rest, this is generally in the morning, and it tends to be milder with activity. It also manifests itself after carrying out the sports activity. It is a pathology that, if not corrected, will become more acute and more disabling for a healthy life, so it is advisable to take measures to fix it.
What Are the Causes of Plantar Fasciitis?
Plantar fasciitis occurs from repeated impact when walking or running combined with a lousy footfall on a hard surface. Having a clavus foot (greater bridge than standard) can also be one of the causes; others can be muscle weakness, the use of shoes that hold poorly or a change in exercise habits and or weight.
Treatments for Plantar Fasciitis
Pain management, like that of other inflammation pains, consists of anti-inflammatory drugs. Pharmacological treatment should be combined with another physical therapy to relieve inflammation and end pain. These treatments are to end the pain in the acute phase and inflammation. There are experts and podiatrists in wellington FL to handle these kinds of cases.
After carrying out a study of the footprint, it can be determined whether the plantar fasciitis is due to a problem in the sole, in which case insoles must be made as they allow the person to walk without the fascia becoming inflamed. What is sought with the custom insoles is to eliminate the inflammation permanently and that the person can reasonably resume physical activity? If the insoles are adequate, they are a definitive treatment for ninety per cent of plantar fasciitis. In extreme cases, surgical intervention can be assessed.